JAKARTA - The National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) recorded that in the last 20 years the Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR) tends to be stagnant with an average male LFPR of 84%, while women are 50%. In 2018, 8.3 out of 10 men were part of the labour force while only 5.2 out of 10 women were recorded as part of the force.
Head of Bappenas Bambang Brodjonegoro said that although female LFPRs are generally stagnant, the participation of highly educated women in good jobs tended to increase. Low educated women, especially in rural areas, tend to enter informal employment.
"Women have the potential to contribute more to the Indonesian economy. If female LFPR is raised to 64%, then there will be 20 million new semi-skilled and skilled members of the labour force," he said as quoted by Bisnis.com, Thursday (8/11).
Furthermore, Mr Brodjonegoro explained, in 2018 the growth of wages for women workers is 4.3%, while for men it is 2.3%. The highest wages of male workers are in the mining and quarrying sector of Rp 4.68 million, while the lowest wages in the agriculture, forestry and fisheries sectors amount to Rp 2.03 million.
"The highest wage for female workers is in the electricity and gas procurement sector of Rp. 4.42 million, while the lowest wage in the other services sector is Rp 1.29 million. In 2018, in aggregate, male workers get Rp 3,064,920, while female workers receive Rp 2,398,674," Mr Brodjonegoro added.
For this reason, Mr Brodjonegoro hopes that the role of women in labour force participation can continue to increase to improve the quality of the workforce. (MS)